What You Might Not Know About Measles

Researchers at the University of California Los Angeles medical school have determined that children who have recovered from measles as children may suffer from a fatal incurable complication years later.

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) remains dormant in the brain and once reawakened, it can lead to seizures, coma, and death.  The complication affects 1 in 600 people who suffered from measles as children.

Fears that the MMR vaccine causes autism despite many medical studies proving the MMR vaccine does not cause autism has resulted in nearly 9 million children in the U.S. not being fully vaccinated against measles.  This leaves them at risk of contracting measles, and of possibly suffering from SSPE several years later.


More Autism Research Surprises

Over the last couple of years, the big news in autism is that autism presents differently in girls than in boys.  This is why it goes undetected in girls far longer, and why it takes longer for girls to be diagnosed with autism.

Additionally, autism research has shown that girls with the same genetic mutations as boys diagnosed with autism don’t always develop autism.  Understanding the role gender plays in autism will prove beneficial in treating autism in both males and females.

While there is no blood test to confirm or rule out autism, there are a number of factors considered.  Read more via this link.


The Difference Between O and Zero

Researchers clear up the history behind AIDS, HIV, and Patient Zero.  While researching the epidemic, it was learned the disease went undetected by doctors for several years after it arrived in the U.S. from Haiti in 1970 or 1971.

Those diagnosed with HIV who were interviewed by behavioural scientist William Darrow were identified with letters and numbers.  The first person interviewed from Los Angeles was therefore LA1.  Those being interviewed lived in California, however, one common person with whom many had contact was Gaetan Dugas who was identified in the media as Patient Zero.  This led readers to believe he was the first person to have HIV, and that he was responsible for its spread in North America.

The fact of the matter is that Patient Zero was actually Patient O which stood for “outside California.”

Details of the research was published in Nature on Wednesday, 26 October 2016.

STUDY:  http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature19827.html

Space Cadet or Space Brain

While no astronauts have travelled to Mars yet, and most of us won’t be travelling to Mars anytime soon, scientists at the University of California: Irvine have done extensive research on what traveling to Mars most likely will do to the human brain.

The results are a phenomenon scientists have dubbed “space brain” and the results are as much a cautionary tale as they are a sad reality.

During the extended spaceflight from Earth to Mars, astronauts will be slammed with non-stop exposure to highly energetic charged particles, and all that will most likely lead to significant long-term brain damage, cognitive impairments, and dementia.

While it’s not known for certain if this will absolutely happen, test rodents in simulated environments at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory at New York’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have suffered these adverse consequences.

The study appears today in Nature’s Scientific Reports.